5 March 2020 – The Ambassador of Japan to Iraq, Mr HASHIMOTO Naofumi, and Mr Paolo Fontani, UNESCO Representative in Iraq, signed on Tuesday 3 March 2020 in Baghdad an agreement to support the project to support job creation for young people in Mosul. The project aims to promote sustainable job creation for young people and support the return of displaced people through quality training of construction workers. The documents covered by the contract include printed books, newspapers, magazines, government publications, printed music, works of art, antiques more than 100 years old, scientific instruments used in education or research, and educational films. The agreement does not apply to materials containing excessive amounts of promotional material.  Ambassador Hashimoto pointed out that «Japan recently adopted a new $41 million aid plan for Iraq, including this project to help the youth of Mosul. With this package, the total amount of Japanese aid to people affected by the crisis has reached $540 million since 2014. I hope that the help of the Japanese government and people will help promote the sustainable creation of jobs for the youth of Mosul for reconstruction. The agreement was adopted by decision on 17 June 1950 at a UNESCO General Conference in Florence, Italy. It was inaugurated at signing on November 22, 1950 in Lake Success, New York, and entered into force on May 21, 1952. In 2014, it was signed by 29 states and ratified by 102 states, including 101 UN member states and the Holy See.
The States that have signed the agreement but have not ratified it are Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras and Peru. There is no time limit for signing or ratifying the agreement. The Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials (also known as the Florence Agreement) is a 1950 UNESCO treaty in which States undertake not to impose customs duties on certain imported educational, scientific and cultural materials. The project will be implemented in synergy with other UNESCO activities within the framework of the «Revive the Spirit of Mosul» initiative, in order to coordinate international efforts to revitalize Mosul`s educational and cultural institutions, in close collaboration with the Government and people of Iraq. This project will be linked to the EU`s «Reviving Mosul and Basra Old Cities» project. The Director and Representative of the UNESCO Office for Iraq welcomed this innovative contribution: «UNESCO is very grateful to the Government and people of Japan. The project will strengthen Mosul`s youth by supporting employment and self-employment and reduce the likelihood of marginalisation and extremism. Japan has long been a valued donor to UNESCO in Iraq. In 2019, the Japanese government supported the project «Voices of the Children of Alt-Mosul: Rehabilitation and Management of Primary Schools in the Historical Urban Context, Resulting from Conflict». The project lays the foundation for a comprehensive approach to preventing violent extremism in primary school, providing training to support the four key elements that influence children`s learning experience: parents, teachers, school principals, and school policies and procedures. On 26 November 1976, the Protocol to the Convention on the Importation of Educational, Scientific or Cultural Materials was concluded in Nairobi, Kenya. The protocol, also known as the Nairobi Protocol, expands the types of materials covered by the agreement.
The Protocol entered into force on 2 January 1982 and was signed by thirteen States from 2013 and ratified by 46 States. New Zealand and Oman have signed the protocol, but have not ratified it. . . .