What Was The Overall Purpose Of The Salt Agreement
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union to limit the manufacture of strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed in 1972 and 1979 by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and aimed to limit the arms race of strategic (long-range or intercontinental) nuclear-armed ballistic missiles. For the first time proposed by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1967, strategic arms limitation talks were agreed by the two superpowers in the summer of 1968, and in November 1969 comprehensive negotiations began. Finally, as negotiated, the SALT-II Treaty limited the number of strategic launchers (i.e. missiles that could be equipped with several independent re-entry vehicles [MIRV]) return vehicles, with the aim of repeling the moment when land-based ICBM systems on both sides would become vulnerable to attacks by these missiles. The number of MIRVed ICBMs, MIRVed SLBMs, heavy (i.e. long-range) bombers and the total number of strategic launchers were limited. The treaty set a total limit of about 2,400 of all these weapons systems for each side. The SALT II Treaty was signed in Vienna on 18 June 1979 by Presidents Jimmy Carter and Brezhnev and submitted shortly thereafter for ratification by the US Senate. But renewed tension between the superpowers prompted Carter to withdraw the Senate treaty in January 1980, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
However, the United States and the Soviet Union voluntarily complied with the weapons limits agreed in SALT II in subsequent years. Meanwhile, the new negotiations that began in 1982 in Geneva between the two superpowers have been called the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START). The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two bilateral conferences and international treaties that involved the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control. The two roundtables and agreements were the points OF SALT I and SALT II. Initial efforts to halt the growth of strategic weapons at the multilateral level and the application of global systems have failed. In January 1964, the United States proposed a revised freeze on the number and characteristics of the strategic nuclear offensive and defence vehicles of the United States and the Soviet Union, which should be negotiated bilaterally, in the Geneva Disarmament Committee (ENDC). The Soviet Union did not accept this proposal because of the superiority of the United States in terms of number of weapons. When the United States proposed in 1966 and 1967 that both sides refrain from the use of missile defence (ABM), the Soviet Union proposed to include strategic offensive weapons in the debate on strategic defence weapons. This proposal was adopted by the United States, and on July 1, 1968, at the signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, President Johnson announced that the United States and the USSR had reached an agreement to negotiate restrictions and reductions in both strategic offensive and defence systems.
This agreement paved the way for further discussions on international cooperation and the limitation of nuclear weapons, as seen by both the SALT II Treaty and the 1973 Washington Summit. It was the first agreement between the United States and the USSR that limited and restricted their nuclear weapons systems. The most important element of the summit was the salt agreements. Discussions on SALT have been going on for about two and a half years, but with little progress. However, during the meeting between Nixon and Brezhnev in May 1972, a monumental breakthrough was made. The SALT de accords signed on 27 May dealt with two important issues.